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gmidd
03-16-2002, 02:56 AM
This is what I have done so far to make sense of the question of applications installed at root and applications installed at the remote user volume (/Volumes/home directory/Applications):

1.I decided to keep all Apple-installed apps right where they are on the root OS partition (~/Applications) but not use them at all. I'd through them out but it'll be a lot easier when the next system upgrade arrives 'cause these apps 'll likely get upgrades too.

2. I copied all those Apple-installed apps, adding them to my own applications folder a long side my new home on a seperate partition. I removed all the original aliases from the dock, replacing them with aliases made from apps in my new apps folder.

3. For applications that use the Apple Help Viewer, I first installed them in the default Applications folder on the OS partition. Then I copied them to my applications folder and deleted the first installation. Aliases to the help files were automatically made in /Volumes/home directory/Library/Documentation/Help (on my remote users volume). This preserves their full functionality vis a vis command+shift+?.

I figure when its time for either a system upgrade that also upgrades the Apple apps or an individual upgrade to one of these Apple-installed apps, I can simply install in the default Applications folder, then copy the upgrade back over to my own apps folder...but meanwhile all preferences and stuff like AppleWorks User Data, Acrobat User Data, iTunes etc are written to my remote users volume.

This should be a workable approach for the time being in anticipation of frequent system updates, and the desire to keep my default Applications folder to a minimum size. A regularly-scheduled backup using CCC will add security to the mo-

George

[This message has been edited by gmidd (edited 19 March 2002).]

ricks
03-16-2002, 03:26 AM
I like it George,

As you know I'm wanting exactly that but I dislike the way Apples installers will insist that we install apps at root. I sure hope that gets resolved soon, there's a whole lot of folks who will find what you just did a more than daunting task.

congrats on a clean solution to the problem, very nice.

Rick

gmidd
03-17-2002, 11:14 AM
As a side note, this also led me to an exam of the default Help folder in the 9 system folder. Because my 9 apps are not on the root partition, I was having similar issues with Help viewer. So, as a workaround, after installing an app (that uses Help Viewer) in the default Applications (OS9) folder first and then moving it to my 9 apps partition, I also removed any installed help folders from Help in system folder, put 'em with the application, them put an alias to those help folders back in Help (including Mac Help). But I left the Help Viewer app right there...
This allowed me to trim 30MB from my system folder, and also insures that I won't have to reinstall the app if I need to initialize the root disk. And all the help files are accessable from each of those apps and the and the menubar.. -g

rwm
03-17-2002, 06:37 PM
George

Did you really make 11 partitions? What are your thoughts on setting up drives. I have the 40 and 60 gig to foo foo with. I have tons of space my system OSX, 9.2.x, apps, and data files would all fit on 4-5-6 GB.

Many people at the Apple discussions make a lot of partitions. I am leaning towards fewer. I still like OSX and 9.2.2 on different partitions. I have no clue what is better? I have lots of time to play around and shuffle things. By the time I start really using X apps I should have it figured out.

I got to many projects going on. Learning this OSX was/is an extra one... But I would like to "know it NOW really good - details" it is going to take a while.

Thanks everyone for the input on OS X............ Mo Bassetbal was in the VT. u now the A NCCAAA thingey ho the bee to seewt 16 todaa.

Good Job PAC 10 West Coast - UCLA, Oregon Wins http://macgurus.com/infopop/emoticons/icon_smile.gif Rick you were right this new puter is really fun. But tweaking the 7500 was more fun and I learned so much. Can't wait till this QS733 needs a rebuild. Maybe I should have gone B*W or the G4 450's - I love this playing, tweaking, learning.

Later, Randy

[This message has been edited by rwm2 (edited 17 March 2002).]

TZ
03-17-2002, 07:50 PM
To partition, and thence, how many?

If only you could delete or resize, huh? Actually, Disk Utility does but.

Also, for best performance, leave 35% space free. the outer tracks are faster. Moving a head between volumes is work and time. I think OS X though (the system itself) be on the first volume. Ideally not more than one install per drive (and only one Bootx file therefore).

OS X 'seems' to move volumes - I've seen the last volume get shrunk when I later inspected it. There are invisible partitions, drivers, and other things and each partition also removes a chunk of disk space just to set it up.

With one volume, OS X decides what I can and cannot do. I end up with aliases to Downloads, "My Applications" inside /Applications or inside /Users/uuserid.

I want to keep the system together where optimizing and fragmentation aren't an issue; and easy to backup quickly. I have image files that are large and just take up space on the slowest out of the way inner tracks.

A place for 2GB of packages and installers. I copied all the package files off the Install CDs. I also keep copies of CDs (Mac OS 9.2.1 even) as image files for easy access.

2-3 volumes per drive. Maybe 4.

Even though I don't see more than one 80MB swap file, I think when OS X says that it has allocated 2.2GB of virtual, well, having that extra 2-3GB as part of the system volume is fine. OS X fits inside 1.5GB but I never want it that cramped. It installs faster with more room.

It is easier in OS X to jump between volumes in the Open/Save dialogue than it was in OS 9. Each drive has its own icon, color and it is distinct.

Backup Set #1 - online at all times
#2 - SCSI and off line
#3 - FireWire and can be plugged it any time

System drive "/" (OS X, Classic, OS X #2, etc)
User Data "Home" - another volume for multimedia
Software "My Stuff" - apps, utilities, installers, image files, etc.
Drive #4 - Scratch - Projects

I just wish I had waited a year to buy disk drives. Today's drives outrun anything from 9-12 months ago!

Gregory

rwm
03-17-2002, 09:01 PM
I don't think I fully understand what your talking about. I know I don't. But keep writing info.

Thanks Gregory
Randy

rwm
03-17-2002, 10:27 PM
Well I got out the OS X, OS 9.2.1 CD's and used the setup from the OS X disk to partition my 60 gig into 4 partitions - for now. I could not get exactxly 7.9 GB on the first it was about 7.8? the next increment seemed to be 8.?GB - so I went for the 7.8?GB. The second and third partitions would only go as small as 4.35 GB and the forth was about 40 gigs. I put OS 9.2 on it.

For now I am not sure what to do with the two 4.35GB partitions - I'll learn.

Randy

gmidd
03-18-2002, 02:39 AM
Randy, I decided since I have a surplus of drives, why not take full advantage of them. At this point I can handle the maintenance of multiple partitions so I worked out a scheme on paper- took me about a week and a lot of pondering (beer) to make all my choices...

I was going for maximum overall speed, and isolation of documents and applications from operating systems. By using the outer tracks of my six hard drives, I figured I could get the best overall speed by dividing up the elements thusly:

each drive save for one has 2 partitions:
No. 1 drive- IDE40GB7200rpm first partition is about 3G and houses my main X and 9 systems; #2 partition is storage.
No. 2 drive- IDE40GB7200rpm first partition is about 6G and contains my X home folder, and all my applications for 9 and X. #2 partition is storage.
No. 3 drive- scsi18GB15000rpm first partition is about 2.5G and is my scratch disk, and where I'm trying to locate my swapfile for the X system on drive No. 1. #2 partition contains various resources used by graphic apps, like plugins, a font database, and all kinds of stored software installers.
No. 4 drive- scsi18GB15000rpm is not partitioned and contains all my documents, images files, email mailboxes, and cache folders for all my browsers.
No. 5 drive- fw40GB5400rpm first partition is 1.5G and has my backup X system. Second partition has a bunch of backups.
No. 6 drive- fw40GB5400rpm first partition is 350MB and has my backup 9 system, which is customized for use as 'Classic' by the X system on hard drive No. 1. Second partition has a bunch of backups and mp3's....

So there's my insanity. Some would say it's a sad waste of raidable cheetah, but I don't care. And I'd probably be better off by adding an Acard, but I have to stop this hardware gluttony somewhere! As for the efficiency of the system; it's really set up for fast graphics work and is performing very nicely in that arena. Whether it's the best partitioning scheme for my requirements, who knows but it seems pretty damn fast!

George

TZ
03-18-2002, 07:55 AM
George,

that sounds really good. but once SoftRAID is out for OS X... tell me you're not going to stripe those X15's?

One thing that is so great about X now is being able to scan in the background. That alone means I don't need to tie up the machine or devote my 7300 into just doing scans.

I'd like to output all scans to its own drive so it really doesn't affect other work.

An article on moving the swap files to a dedicated drive or partition by the guy that wrote CCC is HERE (http://www.bombich.com/mactips/swap.html) and looks at using multiple drives and partitions to improve performance.

Anyone who thought Multifinder was a great way to unleash the power of an SE/30, OS X unleashes the power of a G4. I'd have to have 3-4 computers hooked together to do what a B&W G3 maxed out with RAM, drives, two monitors, ATTO, G4 (WHEN is XLR8 going to have a dual-G4? or is it just not doable? I've read that getting good performance is more difficult than anticipated for some reason). You'd THINK that a dual G4/500 would help.

Gregory

gmidd
03-18-2002, 10:31 AM
Yep I'll probably re-stripe 'em eventually. Everything's positioned now so I can do that then with a minimum of fuss, assuming we're not charged an arm and a leg for softRAID X.

Supposedly, I've successfully relocated the swapfile for my primary X system to my scratch disk. I accomplished this using SwapCop (http://homepage.mac.com/jschrier/index.html). I tried using Bombich's command line (http://www.bombich.com/mactips/swap.html)- but couldn't figure out how to complete the operation due to a language barrier (I don't speak unix yet).

I had a devil of a time with SwapCop. I don't know if my internet prefs are florfed or what or it's X1.3, but for starters, SwapCop insisted on connecting to the internet every time I used it (course, every time I shake X out of a screensaver, it insists on connecting to the internet before presenting the password dialog (x1.3?)).I tried to assign remote swapfile locations for both my X systems. Ultimately, I was finally able to only do this for one system, as every time I tried to do it for the second system, it would wipe out or move the first swapfile relocation to some random volume. Add to this, if the the swapfile for your boot disk is on the same volume as the system, its invisible. You just have to assume its there-

Who knows whether this mucking about will translate in to a performance gain or not; I can't tell. I don't even know how to tell if the swapfile is being used other than carefully watching my external scsi LED to see if its lighting up during some operation that isn't using documents/scratch on those 2 drives.

Anyway, now I've really got figure out how to gain complete access to this computer; I threw away an old clone of the default applications folder but I can't empty the trash because I "don't have sufficient priviliges to complete this operation". It's a sad day when you can't even empty your own trash. And who owns this %#!*$ computer anyhow! http://www.macgurus.com/ubb/rolleyes.gif

So far in all this process with X, I've had 1 Finder crash, 1 hard freeze requiring a hard re-start, Exploder crashed once- though I'm mostly using various OmniWeb builds at this point- and several 3rd party screensavers have crashed..

George

TZ
03-18-2002, 02:19 PM
George -

Getting to know the terminal does have its advantages.

'top' is easy and provides some details.
'vm_stat' will provide some good data (more useful than counting LED lights I'm sure!)
'df -k' you'll love this one
'AppleSystemProfiler'
'nvram -p'

I think you'll begin to appreciate and love terminal once you look at what is available, just take it gradually.

Process Viewer: shows how much real and virtual is allocated to a process. Allocated, though, does not mean that it is or will ever be used.

SNAX will let you look through files and packages even so you can peek into temporary invisible directories and see how many swap files are created.

Classic will "allocate" 1GB of virtual memory even though nothing is being used or written out.

Some programs will write out and the next time they are launched they won't have to write out again. Even a logout won't wipe out virtual files. Makes the next relaunch of an app faster - because there is overhead the first time.

/var/vm/ is the directory where you will find the swap0, swap1 files.

Try Trash-X 1.3 to deal with trash issues. Also SuperGet Info (BareBones Software - makers of BBEdit), SNAX also help deal with trash. Trash X was updated and posted today so it is on Version Tracker.

Because I have only the minimum on my OS X volume, and lots of free space, as well as on the outer partition, I let the system handle the swap but SwapCop looked to be easy to use. the only reason I have two swap files today is I was doing a lot of memory intensive scans and manipulating large images.

There are notes on MacFixit/MacInTouch (often they can be same person sending email to both) about "duplicate" Finders in /CoreServices but one is listed as 'fake' anyway and is there for something I'd think. It shows as v. 10.0 but I just did a clean install of 10.1 full CD and update to 10.1.3. The 'real' Finder is 3.9MB in there and this one is 4k fake that doesn't seem to be hurting. I don't have or trust an OS 10.0 and then update to 10.1. I buy each OS CD.

Gregory

rwm
03-18-2002, 02:29 PM
Keep on posting. I am learning everyday. YA, Beat me on that post Gregory.

Thanks, Randy


[This message has been edited by rwm2 (edited 18 March 2002).]

gmidd
03-18-2002, 04:04 PM
Thanks Greory, I'll look into those utilities....
Yes, actually I'm kinda psyched about learning to useTerminal. I've got the Missing Manual on order and hopefully, along with the posts here, some at MacAddict, and info at Westwind Mac OSX reference- that'll get me started. I'm just kinda timid about it - don't want to screw anytrhing up before I know the basic commands.
Thanks btw, for the build page for OmniWeb; each version seems to vary sometimes considerably.

It really seems that given the knowledge of command-line, applescript and sufficient creativity, the sky's the limit as to what one could do to customize X. It's pretty impressive already, all the 3rd party utilities and gui mod apps coming out...

George

gmidd
03-18-2002, 11:01 PM
TrashX (http://www.versiontracker.com/moreinfo.fcgi?id=12669&db=macos) did the job.

Got my 3rd party screensavers to run from home by copying Screen Savers folder (~/Library/Screen Savers) to /Volumes/home directory/Library and then putting my screensavers in the folder!

Funny that 10.1.3 should include an outdated version of Stuffit Expander- could barely open anything with it 'til I figured out I needed to update and then had...

a real knockdown tussle with Stuffit Deluxe 6.5.1 upgrade installer (I already had SD 6.5). The installer only wanted to upgrade my various classic Deluxes after searching for 10 minutes and presenting me with 'which one do you want to upgrade?' dialog. Finally I said screw it and decided to see if it would in fact upgrade my 9 Stuffit Deluxe on a different volume from X just for kicks. So I hit the install..

and I'll be damned if it didn't immediately present me with a new dialog showing all my X Stuffit folders! I hit the install for my /Volumes/home directory/Applications/Utilities/Stuffit Deluxe and it went without a hitch and now everything's opening fine.

My swapfiles are now at:
/Volumes/scratch disk/private/var/vm/swapfile0 (this is what I wanted)
/Volumes/a documents partition/private/var/vm/swapfile0 (this is not what I wanted)
and
~/var/vm/swapfile0 (the root of my backup X)

Some good successes today!

George



[This message has been edited by gmidd (edited 19 March 2002).]

gmidd
03-19-2002, 11:04 AM
As a follow-up about installation of apps at /Volumes/home directory/Applications..
I installed several new utilities directly at that location yesterday, and no adjustments were required. Some of them use Apple Help Viewer and the links were already there. Stuffit Deluxe installed stuff there but also at~/Library/Application Support. I'll try moving those files to /Volumes/home directory/Library/Application Support. I guess some apps require more work than others to get them operating completely from /Volumes/home directory...

TZ
03-25-2002, 04:15 PM
Moving Applications (http://www.kung-foo.tv/xtipsp.shtml#6) has some risks. Which is why I leave /Applications as is for installers. Using CCC or ditto to copy or move is safe as it retains resource forks - but "a little knowledge" can be a danger. Which is why I like to inspect multiple 'tip' sites that purpose to do the same thing, like move swap files or /users.

There is also a tip on moving swap, and a caveat on why not to do it. Unless swap is really being abused, low memory, lots of pageouts showing in 'top -au' best left alone. (we're so use to the waste and overhead of OS 9 and it's 100's of MB VM file - a 76MB file that won't be used?)

gmidd
03-26-2002, 03:37 AM
Thanks for the link- I'll probably try this at some point.. still working out the kinks of this five drive setup. I'm doing the same as you with the installers, but putting my own X apps on a separate drive along with my classic system- which I've winnowed down to 175MB thank you very much- and the remaining 9 apps. I aliased these to the default apps folder on ~/.
I found that running classic from a fw drive was not as fast as running it from one of these 7200rpm IDE's...

I'm running a big, fat Apple RAIDed 1-volume stripe from my cheetahs now (NO PARTITIONING ALLOWED GOD ALMIGHTY) (Jeez, I hope they get their act together on that one!) (What's up with softRAID anyway? It's April already!)

[This message has been edited by gmidd (edited 26 March 2002).]

TZ
03-26-2002, 10:02 AM
Glad it's working. For me, having /Users on its own drive makes it easy to deal with... every OS X system looks to it so I'm always using the same /home directory and settings. Backup that drive to another is a snap.

SoftRAID: another month. That along with SystemWorks (Disk Warrior, Retrospect, Norton, AntiVirus) are all coming out 'soon.'

And all of them are looking to Apple to make sure 10.2 which is "soon" won't break or force rewrites (and there ARE some bugs in SCSI, some temporary workarounds that come with the caveat that those 'fixes' will break when a permanent solution is delivered). And Apple has a real habit of doing those things. When 10.1 came out, OmniWeb 4.06 lost support and was made unusable and unstable due to APIs in the OS that it depends on that were now missing.

More tools and documentation from Apple to track down problems and help optimize code keep appearing which can only help, but it takes time and SoftRAID or Apple's RAID will 'mature' over time.

Gregory

gmidd
03-28-2002, 08:46 AM
Ok I got some new wind... I noved my swapfile again, onto a partition on an internal drive not containing my primary system. I noticed a moderate speed bump right away. Then I moved my Users to my striped volume and wham, the thing screams! (As an added bonus, I can now put my documents in the default Documents folder!)
Plus, I figured out the thing for me to do was yes, use the 9 partition on my fw drive for classic...I take back what I said in my previous post: it is indeed faster to run classic from this fw; classic apps act as if they're striped they're so fast. This also doubles as my complete back up system. If I take this fw offline, I have another 9 (and X) partition internally I can use for classic.
I'm starting to get my feet wet on Terminal. The Holy Grail for me now is to move the default X Appplications folder with hard links so installers will act proper . That way, I'll have the system on one drive, the apps on another and my home and documents on the stripe.
I rec'd the Missing Manual so now I don't feel like I'm working without a net....

sudo chown! -g

[This message has been edited by gmidd (edited 28 March 2002).]

TZ
03-28-2002, 12:20 PM
The page that talked about moving /Applications (Apple's) also said there were problems, which is why I've a) made a .dmg of my system 10.1.3 'as was,' b) left /Applications in place and just link to /Home/Myapplications.

Swap? Check top in terminal. Not sure what you can find?

control-x control-d (full list of commands, then use "man")
vm_stat
top -au or top -du

... vm_swap will show just how much disk I/O and paging is going on, the 'top -du' will show cumulative statistics on read and write and VM.

Found out VueScanX was the only app using swap AND was creating a 2ND! swap1 file... vmmap shows what is going on.

There was a question on OSXFAQ today, "why remove classic?"
* So it doesn't launch!
* So you can open a file and get a native app to open.
* So even Classic IE doesn't launch.
* So installers can't 'accidentally' load the wrong OS.
* In case there really IS an imperfect marriage of driver, partition map, volume bit map and toc, (even though both are hfs+)

Gregory

Once we have SoftRAIDX, does that mean I can put 'swap' on RAID0 and create say 4GB or something of swap running at 200MB/s or so? I actually think that may be of use to some few who really need more memory than the Mac now supports.

I've heard people ask how to; I see where IBM has eServer with 16GB memory; and $2000 for 4-8GB of RAID0 VM might be useful. (4 x X15's + UL4D?)

[This message has been edited by Gregory (edited 28 March 2002).]

TZ
03-28-2002, 03:08 PM
May as well add this piece of info which might be of interest:

SystemWorks 2.0 is here. And finally there is a note on Alsoft about what the "lite" RE version is. But from the readme:
<BLOCKQUOTE class="ip-ubbcode-quote"><font size="-1">quote:</font><HR>Running Alsoft DiskWarrior Recovery Edition

Alsoft DiskWarrior Recovery Edition is a recovery tool. A recovery tool allows you to copy inaccessible files from a disk with a damaged directory to another disk. After you complete the recovery process, your disk will still be in its original damaged state. To recover your files without having to copy them to another disk, you can upgrade to the full version of Alsoft DiskWarrior. <HR></BLOCKQUOTE>

NOW... why couldn't this have been stated up front?

gmidd
03-30-2002, 09:24 AM
That's adventurous, Gregory.
My latest: I didn't mess with default Applications folder as far as trying to move it with sudo. That just seems too dangerous right now. But I use a copy on a different drive and alias those apple apps to my dock, finder, etc. All other apps there too..
I run my home from /Volumes/Users/gmidd; right now it's on the apple-striped cheetah, along with all my docs. It it very fast.
I boot classic from a fw drive, and again it is extremely fast.
Second X system on fw for backup, repair, etc. All this is nice, but here's the rub:

Recently, when I moved my Users first through sudo w/ ditto in the Terminal, and then with Netinfo and CCC- cause I thought I screwed up- sure, everything was copied, but all my aliases were blown frown the other drives. That makes sense, but Mail -including imported mailboxes, internet, and Explorer prefs were all copied but apparently orphaned since I had to completely rebuild Internet, Mail, and Exploder.
The only time I get a copy that seems 99% intact is when using CCC and doing the entire system incl unmoved home folder frm one drive to another. My question now is how do I back up this arrangement so that the backup is usuable? If for instance, I had to wipe the drive w/ the system and then reinstall, could I then assign the untouched users on the other drive to the new system and expect all prefs to be instantly in order?

I need a reality check here..! I can understand why it would be a lot easier to keep everything stock....

George

ps I agree, that's pretty lame about DW lite. I can just see someone using that for the first time with a florfed drive, reading the readme and discovering they need to download the full vers!


[This message has been edited by gmidd (edited 30 March 2002).]

TZ
03-30-2002, 02:50 PM
So far, I'm sticking with CCC and happy with it. CCC 1.2 is an improvement. I always launch Disk Utility (there is now a button in CCC to do so) and erase the destination before running.

Backup is in two parts: Use CCC for both. system to its own volume (3.3 of 4GB used), then my own /Users (12GB). Averages 1GB per minute. All links, aliases, etc are intact and work.

I deleted the post about UFS - didn't work, CCC doesn't support UFS, only hfs volumes. rats!

Norton 7: requires some extensions. Can't be run from CD. Complains about boot blocks but seems safe(r) to use than before. Doesn't do everything perfectly. Worse is the installer. Doesn't warn about or remove old beta remnants. Doesn't install or put things where they belong it seems in one case. Put a log file in /tmp oddly enough, which didn't get removed on reboots, and Console won't see it or 'scrub' it weekly etc.

My advice: save your money. There aren't any OS X specific worms, trojan horses, and let's hope no AppleScripts to take your address book and do a .vbs Outlook thing.

There is a reported problem of Dantz having a huge memory leak (don't they use the Performance Tools etc?), conflict with 2940U2B and 2940U2W.

Testing should involve doing what isn't "normal" or expected type behavior. But the user should still be protected. then again, a report of a bug in the Finder/OS with a "move" operation is _scary_ that hopefully will get royal treatment. Norton SW 2.0 was suppose to ship in mid-April. They should have waited. users should have to be the ones to find stuff that testing in house should of for sure but didn't.

OS X can backup + erase + restore 20GB per hour. Which means, you want a 2nd backup - always. no?

gmidd
03-30-2002, 11:02 PM
I'll try a backup along those lines, Gregory. The good news is I transferred the home of one of my backup systems to the same home partition of my primary, just like you described in an earlier post. Works flawlessly, all links intact. I think I'm probably dealing with a fair amount of user error on my part in terms of not understanding all the relationships...

I had my first test of my applications install method: downloaded the latest iTunes with software update- automatically installed in ~/Applications...I attempted to copy the update to my apps folder on a different drive; 'you don't have sufficient priviliges...'etc, so I changed the permissions of ~/Applications using Super Get Info (http://www.barebones.com/products/supergetinfo.html) and was successful. I guess the added bonus of this is all the apple-installed updates are backed up besides the fact that I'm using all apps from this other drive...
I'd like to start learning the command line backup utilities..

My apple-striped volume cannot be seen in 9, or by DW or Norton cds. I can run disk utility on it from my X system that hasn't had home relocated..
Been running fsck -y regularly and fooling around with top and other informational commands. Even changed the colors of Terminal and made the windows transparent! Oh well, guess you gotta start somewhere!

Rick, what's up whichya? Where yo' system at?

TZ
03-31-2002, 10:32 AM
George,

Might want to look at norotn utilities 7.0 just to have something that is OS X native to check the Apple RAID. Alsoft still isn't accepting pre-orders and won't comment on when.

iTunes 2.0 was the one that would wipe out files, had trouble updating, doesn't like relocated files. Maybe even turned application into a folder. Apple has a lot to do still before 10.2 which is hoped to be their "ready for education market" and wider deployment.

Disk images (.dmg) are a good way to backup your system, your applications, clean 10.1 or when it comes time for 10.1.4+ in case you need to go back.

I read (MacInTouch) about a memory leak in Dantz Retrospect where it would use all available memory (but not bring down the system). Way to go. REALLY following guidelines on Malloc, memory_leak, and serious testing. I think companies are rushing right now to have "anything" even "1.0" quality and deal with problems later, just to say they are shipping, met the one year anniversary, can be part of the Apple 10.2 blitz or something. Norton SW2 2-3 weeks early? What's with that when their first public beta of NUM7 was a real disaster and not even worthy of beta or public consumption.

[rant on] I find the whole idea of 'buyer beware' to be against the whole myth of an Apple plug and play or the ethics of integrity. I use to beta test, only then I found that they wouldn't take ideas or suggestions and were rushing things way way too fast. I'm a programmer, not a management type, and the best work came when everything was solid and could then be tested for ease of use, interface, and look at it from the view of the user. [rant off]

Gregory

gmidd
04-03-2002, 08:39 AM
Actually, I almost permissioned myself right out out of this computer! Turns out out I didn't need Super Get Info to make copies of apps in ~/Applications. I ended wiping and re-installing system; necessary because everything was getting pretty screwed up- swapfiles everywhere, too many users folders, phantom disks....

I've settled on default users location with a CCC backup copy to fw drive every few days- takes five minutes. I'm running most apps from second drive, though I'm finding some work best when run from default apps folder; Stuffit Deluxe is a good example. Only my graphics files are on apple stripe, everything else in /users/home/docs. I'm ready as soon as SoftRAID is!

As far as repairs goes, I'm finding fsck -y seems to be the most reliable, even Disk Utility acts funny mounting, unmounting. I try to use DW and Norton from a booted 9 but I think generally we'll have to wait for true reliability from these utes. DiskWarrior I trust the most right now..

TZ
04-03-2002, 11:27 AM
I made one type when assigning /Users to another volume.

turns out that the terminal command didn't like a volume name with a " " (space) in the name ("Apple RAID"). Ended up with /Users being in the /Volume directory, it created a "/Apple" directory, and put MY library and preference in there. Lots of mischief. And it was working so well before.

RAID failed too easily. Seems there is lots of negative feedback on Norton 7/SystemWorks 2 from users. Many with single drives. Its worked fine for me, but I've been disabling extensions, startup portions to see what makes it misbehave. However, it seems reliable. Then again, my drives were "healthy" to begin with.

Trouble with the 'fsck -y' is that it only runs on the boot volume, so you still need to look at others, and Disk Utility can't unmount your /users home that you moved to another volume. Norton will. Then again, its the OS X volume that gets hit and corrupt most often, not /Users home.

Swap files like rabbits popping up out of the ground, huh?

Gregory

gmidd
04-03-2002, 07:30 PM
Yah, problem was I initially moved swapfile through Terminal but made some mistakes, which I compounded by again moving them(it) via SwapCop...didn't know enough in Unix to backtrack and very leary of sudo rm.
But all's well now. I've learned my lesson- don't screw with permissions until you know what you're doing!
I'm still running classic unfortunately. Waiting for 1 more app to go cocoa or at least carbon, but it's been quite some time since I booted into 9 to work. To think 6 months ago X was "never going to touch this machine"!

The Apple RAID has worked fine so far. Everything I have on it is backed up in triplicate just in case.
Fsck -y as a standard boot -up procedure is very satisfying and I can look at all my other volumes from 9 w/DW, Norton-
It's kinda funny not having anything to check the RAID except Disk Utility. Almost a naked feeling.

X in my beginner's HO is so much better than 9 there's just no comparison.

George



[This message has been edited by gmidd (edited 03 April 2002).]

gmidd
05-13-2002, 09:30 AM
It finally dawned on me the bind we're in when it comes to re-installing Apple-supplied apps. Sure, one could extract from install cd using Pacifist (http://www.versiontracker.com/moreinfo.fcgi?id=12743&db=mac), but who knows if and how that particular apple app that you're trying to re-install has been upgraded or changed between 10.0 and 10.1.4? You can't re-install using cd over newer versions... Obviously, at some point we're going to need 10.2 on a cd..(assuming that's the version # for Jaguar). I suppose the smart move, would have been to make .dmg's prior to every system upgrade. (like Gregory!)
I just finally got around to clean-installing and fully upgrading X on a seperate partition, which I'll use for parts; It is absolutely stock and it won't get touched otherwise.
It's one thing to clone a copy, but who knows what corruption is getting cloned and re-cloned?

Just some rumination- actually, I haven't had any real problems with any of the Apple apps except for Mail in conjunction with Earthlink, and maybe there's something I can do about that; that'll take a little bit to sort out.
Sherlock in X is so much better than in 9, its not funny.

George

gmidd
05-14-2002, 09:57 PM
I suppose if push came to shove, one could extract from the individual updater .pkgs. I'd think you'd have to really go about that with care cause you could end up with mismatched parts and pieces. I never was consistent on my downloads on these updaters; didn't realize how important that could be to get everything as a saveable dmg. I just merrily got hypnotized by Software Update though I did get some installers from the Apple site. But now I figure its time to close in on ftp.apple.com for better control...

I'm getting the sense with X you've got to have a more rigorous and detailed backup procedure. You can't just wip out any old cd and fire away...but this a the big transition like the early days of 9, just definitely more intense and more at stake.

That Jaguar is getting the super-hype now. I don't remember anything like this. Did they do that with 9? (I wasn't born yet)

ricks
05-15-2002, 01:10 AM
George,

'It finally dawned on me the bind we're in when it comes to re-installing Apple-supplied apps'
I still think we're back at separating the Users directories from the root directories. I am having very good results with that. I have three complete OSX boot volumes, each individually installed, one of which is OSX Server.

They all run off the same User volume. When I change boot disk I can't even tell without looking which OSX install I'm running off of. When I install an application it goes in my user volume, not the boot volume.

When I upgrade the OS or any of the applications that come with the OS like Exploder or iTunes I do so on the boot volume. Doing it this way means I don't do anything special to upgrade the OS supplied apps. They come with the OS upgrades or automatically install themselves in the root folder correctly. I don't even back up the OS volume. I don't even care if it gets trashed, it has absolutely NOTHING that I can't replace with a relatively simple reinstall.

Only the User directories count at all. Here's where all my applications reside that I want to keep updated, here's where all my prefs and data is that needs backups. I both backup and clone this drive. Again, I just ignore the root OSX volume entirely. If it's corrupted I just replace it. (hasn't happened yet, I have switched OS volumes to try and figure out why a program was crashing though)

My brother is working on a droplet to allow a user to just drop an empty drive or partition icon to automatically move the user directory to it and install the symbolic links needed to operate it that way. I will check with him on his estimated completion date. He just bought his first new Mac (Dual 1gig) since he bought a 9500/120 the week they were introduced. He's actually got an OSX computer at home to work with now. Should happen soon.

Rick

gmidd
05-15-2002, 09:09 AM
Yes, I can see this is pretty much the only way right now. I'm real glad we have CCC though. Otherwise, re-installs of the system would be a lot more time-consuming. I've taken to maintaining a perfectly unused and updated X partition for just such a purpose (as well as a cloned version of current system). If I have to wipe a screwed up system, I can then just clone the clean one over, and copy over my nightly-backed up User and Applications and I'm there..
For now, I leave my home in the default position. Once SoftRAID shows up, I'll try pointing it to a (real) striped partition on the cheetahs, now that I know how to move it correctly.
I should try an application install into Users; in the early going I had alot of trouble getting stuff to install right with a re-located User. 'Course I think I had the relocation set up incorrectly, so that didn't help...
That droplet thing sounds good- that'll 'commonize' this practice.

George



[This message has been edited by gmidd (edited 15 May 2002).]

gmidd
05-15-2002, 11:40 PM
I did a little survey: there are 4 Apple-installed apps as of 10.1.4 that cannot be copied in their entirety with a finder copy with normal permissions-

Mail
Disk Utility
NetInfo Manager
Print Center

They can be copied entirely using CCC.
The other Apple-supplied apps can be copied in the finder.



[This message has been edited by gmidd (edited 16 May 2002).]